What is HIV ?

The full Meaning of HIV is Human Immune Virus

HIV is a virus that attacks immune cells called CD4 cells. These are types of T-helper cells, the virus destroys type of white blood cells that circulate around the body (Immune System), detecting infections and faults and anomalies in other cells.

HIV infection is a sexually transmitted disease (STD) that requires a vigorous education program to promote save sex practices and is paramount to reducing transmission of HIV.

HIV attacks and infiltrates CD4 cells, using them to create more copies of itself.  Its gradually weakens a person immune system. In doing so, it damages the cells and reduces the body system to combat other infections and diseases. This increases the risk and impact of overambitious infections and some types of cancer.

How can one contact HIV?

Transmission of HIV can occur through contact with infected body fluids. It is currently assumed that they relatively cellular body fluide such as blood semen, virginal secretions, and breast milk are more effective in transmitting the virus than fluids deficient in cells such as saliva, urine, and tears. Transmission may occur across mucous membrane or broken skin during sexual intercourse, but it may also occur through intravenous exposure such as through sharing infected needles with intravenous drug use, occupational exposure in the health care environment or treatment with infected blood products.

Early symptoms of HIV may include:

  1. Fever
  2. Fatigue
  3. Rapid muscle contraction and relaxation
  4. General body weakness
  5. Sore throat
  6. Muscles aches
  7. Enlarged glands or swollen lymph nodes
  8. Rashes
  9. Joint pains

These symptoms result from the immune system overthrown the infection (virus). People who have several of these symptoms might have contracted HIV in the past 2 to 6 weeks and should seek for medical attention (test).


The meaning of AIDS is Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome, this can occur after someone has had HIV for many years. In AIDS, the immune system gets very weak. So, at this stage, the body system is prone to serious infections and health problems.

Medicines can help prevent HIV from developing into AIDS.


HIV has no cure for, but treatments can stop it from spreading.

This treatment is called antiretroviral therapy (AART) – it reduces the risk of transmission. It can also extend a person’s life expectancy.

Many people who takes HIV treatments live longer and healthier. These medications are becoming increasingly effective. A person may require taking just one pill per day.

About HIV pills: PEP

PEP is post-exposure prophylaxis.  Anyone who may have had exposure to the virus within the past 72 hours should speak with a healthcare professional about post-exposure prophylaxis.

PEP may be able to stop the infection, especially if a person takes it as soon as possible after the potential exposure.

A person takes PEP for 28 days (Like a Month), and afterwards go for another HIV check up to be sure of being freed.

PEP is not 100 percent certain, so it is important to use prevention techniques, such as barrier protection and safe injection practices, including while taking PEP.

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2 thoughts on “What is HIV ?”

    1. PEP (post-exposure prophylaxis)

      The PEP is a pre HIV treatment process.

      If it’s a medical PEP the person is talking then it’s available in Nigeria.

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